The capital of China, Beijing, is one of the most populous cities in the world, the main economic, political, cultural, educational and spiritual artery of the country, a city that is among the ten most visited cities in the world.
Beijing is known all over the world for its unique temples, historical sites, rich palaces, high stone walls. It is here that the offices of the largest companies are located, the largest network of highways, railways and a huge airport, the second in the world in terms of passenger traffic and congestion.
The city consists of 14 districts and two large districts. The first memories of Beijing were recorded in a historical document of the 13th century, which stated that civilized people live on the territory of the city. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, which protect it from the growing desert.
Special attention should be paid to such sights of the city as: the “Forbidden City” (the ancestral nest of the Ming and Qi dynasty, where imperial attributes and paintings are kept), the Temple of Heaven, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Temple of the Earth, the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the White Cloud, the Temple of Confucius, the imperial tombs of the Ming and Qing dynasties, the ancient Catholic church “Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception” of the 17th century, the oldest mosque of Niujie, which is more than one thousand years old, the picturesque Beihai Park, a huge aquarium, a summer Palace with many reservoirs, rocks, grottoes and bridges, as well as a zoo, which is located in the old imperial park.
Beijing is rightly called the city of “imperial palaces and temples”
And on the outskirts of the city there is a world-famous historical monument – the Great Wall of China: a monumental structure that has been created for several centuries.
The central square of the city, Tiananmen Square, also deserves special attention. This is the largest area in the world, the territory of which is 500 thousand square meters. meters.
According to the latest data, about 21 million people live in Beijing. The density is 1213 people/km?.
A significant majority of local residents belong to the Han ethnic group. However, every fourth resident is a migrant. But the most common means of transportation in Beijing is a two-wheeled bicycle.