Situated in East Africa, just south of the equator, mainland Tanzania lies between the area of the great lakes; Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi – with the Indian Ocean on its’coastline to the east. It has land borders with Uganda and Kenya to the north, Mozambique and Malawi to the south, Zambia to the southwest and Zaire , Burundi and Rwanda to the west.
The country lies at an altitude of over 1,000ft, apart from a coastal strip varying in width from 10 to 40 miles. The greater part of the country is made up of plateau averaging 3,000 to 4,500ft in height. Mountains are grouped in various sections. The Pare and Usambara ranges are in the northeast and the Livingstone Mountains in the southwest. Kilimanjaro (19,340ft) in the north is the highest mountain in Africa .
On the borders are three large lakes; Victoria , the second-largest freshwater lake in the world, Tanganyika , second only to Lake Baykal as the deepest in the world; and Lake Malawi . Lakes within Tanzania include Natron, Eyasi, Manyara and Rukwa.
Even though three great African rivers; the Nile , the Zaire and the Zambezi , have their origins in Tanzania , the country has few permanent rivers. During half the year, the central plateau has no running water, but in the rainy season flooding presents a problem.
The country of Tanzania in Eastern Africa was formed when the previous German and then British colony of Tanganyika and the Islands of Zanzibar and Pemba joined to form a new country. Tanzania came into being in 1964. There’s a lot for tourists to see and do in Tanzania , from exploring wildlife reserves to stretching out on a sunny beach, from searching for human ancestors to dancing to Tanzania’ s Taraab music in its cities, on Tanzania Tours, with Tanzania Tours Hub.
Tanzania’ s largest city Dar-es-Salam (Haven of Peace) is a fascinating mixture of cultures. In northern Tanzania , on the border with Kenya , rises towering Mount Kilimanjaro , the tallest mountain in Africa . Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika are located in northern and western Tanzania . Olduvai Gorge , where some of the earliest hominid fossils have been found, is located in North Eastern Tanzania.
Tanzania is a popular tourist destination, famous for its national parks teeming with African wildlife. The Serengeti National Park , Ngorongoro Crater , and Mount Kilimanjaro National Park are some of the tourist attractions that one must visit on Tanzania Tours, with Tanzania Tours Hub.