National Museum of China is in the original Museum of Chinese History and the Museum of the Chinese Revolution formed the basis, February 28, 2003 set up, is being expanded.

Formerly the Museum of Chinese History, National Museum of History. To build in 1912, initially in Beijing, the Imperial College premises site, the National Palace Museum in 1917 moved to the Meridian Gate, east-west-side doors and North Korea Housing. After new China was founded, the party and government attach great importance to the cause of the museum, in a decision in August 1958 in Tiananmen Square on the east side of the construction of the new Museum, premises completed in September the following year, known as the Museum of Chinese History.

"General History of China on display" is the basic display of the Museum of Chinese History, on display from 170 million years ago between the start of Yuanmou Man in 1912 to step down before the Qing dynasty emperor’s history, including more than 9000 pieces of cultural relics. "General History of China to display" self-display since received tens of thousands of viewers at home and abroad to showcase China’s long history and splendid culture.

In addition, the Museum of Chinese History also organized history, heritage and culture and the arts of the temporary exhibition.

Museum of the Chinese Revolution is the successor of the preparatory office of the Central Revolutionary Museum, founded in March 1950. Of the preparatory office of the first mission in the North Sea City, near the National Palace Museum to move into China West GateWu Yingdian. In October 1958 in Tiananmen Square before the beginning of construction of the new museum, completed in August 1959. In August 1960 to be called the Museum of the Chinese Revolution, the preparatory office at the same time to withdraw. July 1, 1961 was officially opened. In September 1969, the Chinese Revolution Museum and the Museum of Chinese History merger, saying the Chinese Revolution Museum. To resume early in 1983 formed the original two museums.

covers an area of 46,000 square meters, construction area of 32,500 square meters. Favorites China since the Opium War in 1840 since the revolution of modern 120,000 historical relics, as a best of 2224 alone, such as Lin,Deng TingQizhen,The joy is goodensembleTiger door bolt smokecompletion of the Memorial, King of the Heavenly Kingdom of Hong Xiuquan’s imperial jade seal, Emperors of the Qing Dynasty imperial edict Xuantong step down, Chen Wangdao translation of "Communist Manifesto" and the whole translation, Li Dazhao was killed when the gallows, Fang Zhimin, "Lovely China" manuscripts, the first session of the CPPCC’s signature on behalf of books, the Central Committee of the People’s Republic of China through the national emblem, flag model , when the founding ceremony of Mao Zedong in Tiananmen rostrum by the button of Health since the first Five-Star Red Flag and other precious historical relics, vivid reproduction of the Chinese people for freedom and democracy in the history of the struggle. Possession of historic photos nearly 100,000, after the Opium War, newspapers and other publications published information 240,000, of which more than 2200 kinds of rare, about more than 50,000 copies. Museum of the Chinese Revolution is also a collection of oil paintings, Chinese paintings, drawings, sculpture and so on more than 270 pieces of works of art, some works such as oil painting "founding ceremony," "fought in northern Shaanxi," "rectification report" sketch "Bloodstained clothing" sculpture "difficult years" etc., have become the art treasures handed down.

the basic display, "Modern China" reflects the Opium War from 1840 to 1949 the Chinese people to win the final victory, the establishment of the People’s Republic of history. Display to display the Chinese nation for national salvation, against imperialist aggression and oppression of feudalism, fought the heroic struggle of the spirit and activities, a comprehensive science and reflects the modern Chinese society in the development process of multi-dimensional reflection of China’s modern socio-economic, culture, education, science and technology, and artistic development, and confirms the choice of the Chinese people, the Communist Party of China and the inevitability of the socialist road.

Expansion project will be completed by 2007. After the expansion of the China National Museum of the construction area from the current 65,000 square meters to 150,000 square meters, the facility will further improve the stock will further enrich the cultural relics, experts and scholars in the ranks will be further strengthened, and gradually developed into a historic, both cultural and artistic, on behalf of the state the highest level of comprehensive museum, become China’s cultural relics museum sector and the exchange of academic research centers, education becomes a view of the public as a whole classroom learning to become a window for cultural exchanges with foreign countries.